John R. Bolton - Of Counsel

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John R. Bolton

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Washington, D.C.
Phone: +1 202-879-5983
Fax: +1 202-879-5200
Overview

Professional Profile

John R. Bolton currently serves as a Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. His portfolio includes Foreign Policy and International Organizations. 

Prior to arriving at AEI, John served as the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations from August 1, 2005 to December 9, 2006. From June 2001 to May 2005, Ambassador Bolton served as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, also in the Bush Administration.

Prior to this, Ambassador Bolton was Senior Vice President of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). He supervised the AEI research program, financial oversight, dissemination of the AEI research and publications, public affairs and general management.


Publications

Books

Surrender is Not an Option: Defending America at the United Nations and Abroad (November 2007)

Journal Articles and Monographs

Note, "Legal Services and Landlord-Tenant Litigation: A Critical Analysis," 82 Yale Law Journal 1495 (1973).

(In association with Ralph K. Winter, Jr.) Campaign Financing and Political Freedom, American Enterprise Institute (1973).

The Hatch Act:  A Civil Libertarian Defense, American Enterprise Institute (1976).

"Buckley v. Valeo, Its Aftermath, and Its Prospects:  The Constitutionality of Government Restraints on Political Campaign Financing," 29 Vanderbilt Law Review 1327 (1976) (With Brice M. Clagett).

The Legislative Veto: Unseparating the Powers, American Enterprise Institute (1977).

"The Federal Election Commission: Government Astride the Political Process," 2 Regulation Number 4, at 46 (July/August, 1978).

"A Reply," 2 Regulation Number 5, at 48 (September/October, 1978).

"The Legislator's Shield: Speech or Debate Clause Protection Against State Interrogation," 62 Marquette Law Review 373 (1980) (With John Vanderstar and Gordon B. Baldwin).

"Constitutional Limitations on Restricting Corporate and Union Political Speech," 22 Arizona Law Review 373 (1980).

"The Judicial and Congressional Response to the Invalidation of the Legislative Veto," 1 The Journal of Law & Politics 299 (1984) (With Kevin Abrams).

"Use of the Grand Jury: the Beech-Nut Case," 4 The Investigator's Journal, Fall, 1988, Page 8 (With John R. Fleder).

"Wrong Turn in Somalia," 73 Foreign Affairs 56, January-February, 1994, Number 1.

"Can the United Nations Cope in the Post-Cold War Era?" 1 Commonsense, Summer, 1994, Number 3, Page 73.

"United Nations Peacekeeping and American Interests," in The United Nations, Peacekeeping, and U.S. Policy in the Post-Cold War World, Aspen Institute (1994).

"The Mission of the National Policy Forum in 1995," 2 Commonsense, Winter, 1995, Number 1, Page 1.

"The European Union, the United States and Former Yugoslavia," The European Journal, September-October, 1995, Page 8.

"Intrastate Conflicts and American Interests," 2 Human Rights Brief, Spring, 1995, Number 3, Page 11.

"Toward a Unitary U.N.:  Creating Political Order Out of Agency Chaos," Commonsense, Issue 11, Summer, 1996, Page 97.

Republican Isolationism:  Myth or Reality?, Potomac Foundation, February, 1997 (With Christopher Cox and Robert Kagan).

"Great Powers or Large Counties?," The European Journal, February, 1997, Page 3.

"The Making of Foreign Policy in the Bush Administration," in Kenneth W. Thompson, ed., The Bush Presidency, Miller Center, University of Virginia, 1997.

"The Creation, Fall, Rise, and Fall of the United Nations," in Ted Galen Carpenter, ed., Delusions of Grandeur:  The United Nations and Global Intervention, The Cato Institute, 1997.

"Terrorism:  Law, Rhetoric and Reality," Justice, June, 1997, Page 27.

"The Prudent Irishman:  Edmund Burke's Realism," The National Interest, Number 50, Winter, 1997/98, Page 67.

"Welcome Back, Taiwan," XXI Legal Times, Number 6, June 22, 1998, Page 25, Column 1.

"Somalia and the Problems of Doing Good:  A Perspective From the State Department," in Elliott Abrams, ed., Close Calls:  Intervention, Terrorism, Missile Defense, and 'Just War' Today, Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1998.

"American Attitudes Toward 'Europe':  What Next for the Atlantic Alliance?," The European Journal, Summer, 1998, Page 9.

"Courting Danger:  What's Wrong With the International Criminal Court," The National Interest, Number 54, Winter, 1998/99, Page 60.

"The Global Prosecutors:  Hunting War Criminals in the Name of Utopia," 78 Foreign Affairs 157, January-February 1999, Number 1.

"1999:  A Look at the Policy Issues of the New Year," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 1, January 1-15, 1999, Number 1, Page 14, Column 1.

"Judge of the Seven Seas?," XXI Legal Times, Number 33, January 11, 1999, Page 21, Column 1.

"The United Nations and Ethnic Conflicts," 27 Global Economic Review 82 Number 4, Winter, 1998.

"What Price Human Rights?  An Exchange" (with William F. Schulz), The National Interest, Number 56, Summer, 1999, Page 112.

"Reject and Oppose the International Criminal Court," in Alton Frye, Project Director, Toward an International Criminal Court?  Three Options Presented as Presidential Speeches, Council on Foreign Relations, 1999.

"Speaking for Herself," XXII Legal Times, Number 24, November 1, 1999, Page 60, Column 1.

"Thanksgiving European Style," The European Journal, Volume 7, Number 3, December, 1999, Page 10.

"2000:  A Look at the Policy Issues of the New Year," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 1, January 1-31, 2000, Page 15, Column 1.

"Unilateralism Is Not Isolationism," in Gwyn Prins, ed., Understanding Unilateralism in American Foreign Relations, Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London, 2000.

"New Directions for the Chen Administration on Taiwanese Representation in the United Nations," China Affairs Quarterly, Number 1, July, 2000, Page 29.

"Bring Back the Laxalt Doctrine," Policy Review, August-September, 2000, Number 102, Page 3.

"Toward an International Criminal Court?  A Debate," 14 Emory International Law Review 159 (2000).

"International Organizations and Global Governance," in W. Bruce Weinrod and Paula J. Dobriansky, eds., U.S. International Leadership in the 21st Century, The Potomac Foundation, McLean, Virginia, 2000.

"Should We Take Global Governance Seriously?" 1 Chicago Journal of International Law 205 (2000).

"Preventive Diplomacy and the Role of the United Nations," in Center for the Study of the Presidency, Report to the President-Elect 2000:  In Harm's Way:  Intervention and Prevention, Fall, 2000.

"The Risks and Weaknesses of the International Criminal Court from America's Perspective," 41 Virginia Journal of International Law 186 (2000).

"Is There Really 'Law' in International Affairs?," 10 Journal of Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems 1 (2000).

Book Review of Feet to the Fire:  CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957-1958, by Kenneth Conboy and James Morrison, The International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, Volume 14, Number 2, Spring 2001, Page 121, Column 1.

"The Risks and Weaknesses of the International Criminal Court from America's Perspective," 64 Journal of Law and Contemporary Problems 167 (2001).

"United Nations," entry in Joel Krieger, ed., The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Second Edition), Oxford University Press, 2001.

"The Federalist Society Address," 30 Houston Journal of International Law 639 (2008).

"Standoff at the 38th Parallel," National Interest, November/December 2008, Page 25.

"Where the Buck Stops," National Review, January 26, 2009, Page 40.

"The Coming War on Sovereignty," Commentary, March 2009, Page 23.

Editorial Opinion Articles

"Finally, a Crackdown on the Third World," XLIV Human Events, No. 8, February 25, 1984, Page 7, Column 1.

"Should the Independent Counsel Law Live On?," The Washington Times, Thursday, July 2, 1987, Page D3, Column 1.

"Independent Prosecutors:  Fatally Flawed," 73 ABA Journal, October 1, 1987, Page 47.

"Feeding Iraq with Care," The Washington Times, Tuesday, September 17, 1991, Page F3, Column 2.

 "Zionism Is Not Racism," The New York Times, Monday, December 16, 1991, Page A19, Column 4.

"No Expansion for U.N. Security Council," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, January 26, 1993, Page A14, Column 3.

"A Second Look at Boardroom Reform," The Wall Street Journal, Wednesday, June 2, 1993, Page A14, Column 3.

"A U.N. Vote That Never Should Have Happened," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, July 13, 1993, Page A16, Column 3.

"No U.N. Legion," The Washington Post, Monday, July 19, 1993, Page A14, Column 2.

"Musical Chairs at the U.N.," The Washington Times, Monday, October 11, 1993, Page A21, Column 1.

"Clinton's Policy Invites Quagmires," LIII Human Events, No. 42, October 16, 1993, Page 14, Column 1.

"No Good Arguments Against U.N. Membership for Taiwan," LIII Human Events, No. 52, December 24, 1993, Page 16, Column 1.

"A Good Year at the U.N.?," The Washington Post, Monday, January 17, 1994, Page A23, Column 1.

"Dropping the Ball at the United Nations," The Washington Times, Tuesday, May 17, 1994, Page A17, Column 1.

"The Case For Not Invading Haiti," The Washington Post, Tuesday, May 17, 1994, Page A17, Column 5.

"Haiti: Nightmare of U.S. Occupation Looms. . . ," The Wall Street Journal, Thursday, September 15, 1994, Page A14, Column 3.

"Dulles Would Disagree," The Washington Post, Monday, March 6, 1995, Page A17, Column 1.

"Does the CIA Answer to the Press Office," The Washington Times, Sunday, March 19, 1995, Page B4, Column 2.

"Politics and Priorities," 10 The World and I, June, 1995, Number 6, Page 86.

"Quest for a Stronger Foreign Policy Hand," The Washington Times, Sunday, June 25, 1995, Page B3, Column 1.

Book Review of United Nations: The First Fifty Years by Stanley Meisler, The Washington Times, Sunday, October 8, 1995, Page B8, Column 2.

"Let Israel In," Hadassah Magazine, February, 1996, Page 27.

Book Review of Above the Law:  Secret Deals, Political Fixes and Other Misadventures of the U.S. Justice Department by David Burnham, The Washington Times, Wednesday, March 13, 1996, Page A19, Column 1.

"Clinton's Waive at Dole over Haiti," The Washington Times, Thursday, May 16, 1996, Page A16, Column 1.

"Taking a Misguided Turn in Bosnia?," The Washington Times, Sunday, June 16, 1996, Page B3, Column 2.

"Flaws Built into the Dayton Accords," The Washington Times, Monday, July 15, 1996, Page A17, Column 1.

"Appeasement as a Way of Life," The New York Times, Sunday, July 28, 1996, Page 13, Column 2.

"Clinton's U. N. Visit and Confrontation," The Washington Times, Tuesday, September 24, 1996, Page A13, Column 1.

"Virtues of the Buckley Ruling," The Washington Times, Tuesday, March 25, 1997, Page A15, Column 4.

"The U.N. Crisis Is About More Than Money," The Los Angeles Times, Sunday, April 13, 1997, Page M5, Column 5.

"America's Skepticism About the United Nations," U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda, Volume 2, Number 2, May, 1997, Page 25.

Book Review of The Once and Future Security Council, edited by Bruce Russett, The Washington Times, Saturday, May 31, 1997, Page D10, Column 1.

"Don't Let Campaign Finance 'Reformers' Limit Free Speech," 53 Human Events Number 29, August 1, 1997, Page 19, Column 1.

"Arms Sales . . . and Human Rights," The Washington Times, Sunday, September 21, 1997, Page B3, Column 1.

Book Review of The Enduring Edmund Burke, edited by Ian Crowe, The Washington Times, Wednesday, October 1, 1997, Page A17, Column 1.

"Cambodia Will Test ASEAN's Maturity," The Los Angeles Times, Monday, October 13, 1997, Page B5, Column 1.

"U.S. Isn't Legally Obligated to Pay the U.N.," The Wall Street Journal, Monday, November 17, 1997, Page A27, Column 3.

"The U.N. Rewards Saddam," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 14, December 15, 1997, Page 14, Column 1.

"Congress Versus Iraq," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 18, January 19, 1998, Page 16, Column 1.

"A Mindless Trade War," The Australian Financial Review, Thursday, February 12, 1998, Page 17, Column 1.

"To Strike Iraq . . . Authority Is in Hand," The Washington Times, Sunday, February 15, 1998, Page B3, Column 1.

"Kofi Hour," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 25, March 9, 1998, Page 12, Column 1.

"Adrift in the Gulf," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 27, March 23, 1998, Page 10, Column 1.

"Why an International Criminal Court Won't Work," The Wall Street Journal, Monday, March 30, 1998, Page A19, Column 3.

"We Gave Angel Breard Justice," XX Legal Times, Number 49, May 4, 1998, Page 27, Column 1.

"Limits of Enforcing Reforms," The Australian Financial Review, Wednesday, May 27, 1998, Page 20, Column 3.

"The U.N. Steps Out of Line," The Washington Times, Sunday, May 31, 1998, Page B1, Column 5.

"Policy by Nostalgia, a Recipe for Chaos," The Los Angeles Times, Monday, June 15, 1998, Page B5, Column 1.

Book Review of Conquests and Cultures:  An International History, by Thomas Sowell, The Washington Times, Sunday, June 28, 1998, Page B8, Column 5.

"No, No, No to International Criminal Court," 54 Human Events Number 32, August 21, 1998, Page 1, Column 2.

"Saddam Wins," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 47, August 24, 1998, Page 13, Column 1.

"Surrendering to Saddam," 3 The Weekly Standard, Number 49, September 7, 1998, Page 17, Column 1.

"Jury Still Out on Clinton's Resolve To Battle Terrorism," Plano Star Courier, Sunday, September 13, 1998, Page 6A, Column 3 [also appeared in The Colony Leader, The Mesquite News, and McKinney Message].

"Independent Political Spending Still Under Assault," 54 Human Events Number 35, September 18, 1998, Page 22, Column 1.

"US Foreign Policy a Casualty," The Australian Financial Review, Wednesday, September 23, 1998, Page 16, Column 2.

"Qaddafi's Victory," 4 The Weekly Standard, Number 3, September 28, 1998, Page 18, Column 1.

"U.S. Money and a U.N. Vote," The Washington Times, Friday, October 16, 1998, Page A18, Column 1.

Book Review of America's Imperial Burden, by Ernest W. Lefever, The Washington Times, Saturday, October 24, 1998, Page C1, Column 4.

"International Criminal Court Would Not Serve as Deterrent," Plano Star Courier, Friday, November 6, 1998, Page 6A, Column 4 [also appeared in The Colony Leader, The Mesquite News, and McKinney Message].

"Unequal Treatment for Taiwan," The Washington Times, Friday, November 13, 1998, Page A17, Column 1.

"Shabby Treatment for Washington at the UN," XI The Earth Times, Number 21, November 16-30, 1998, Page 30, Column 1.

"Hot Air Balloon Over Palestine," The Washington Times, Friday, December 11, 1998, Page A21, Column 1.

"Our Pitiful Iraq Policy," 4 The Weekly Standard, Number 14, December 21, 1998, Page 25, Column 1. 

"Bombing Before Ramadan," 4 The Weekly Standard, Number 15, December 28, 1998, Page 18, Column 1.

"A Slippery Slope to Lockerbie," XI The Earth Times, Number 23, December 16-31, 1998, Page 30, Column 1.

"The Butler Didn't Do It -- Blame Clinton," The Australian Financial Review, Monday, January 4, 1999, Page 17, Column 1.

"A Not-So 'Civil' Society," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 2, January 16-31, 1999, Page 27, Column 1.

"General Pinochet's Political Persecution," The Australian Financial Review, Monday, January 25, 1999, Page 13, Column 1.

"Death of a Weapons Control Strategy," The Washington Times, Monday, February 1, 1999, Page A17, Column 2.

"The UN Secretary General Versus the United States," 55 Human Events, Number 5, February 5, 1999, Page 26, Column 1.

"War Crimes Court Has Too Much Power -- and Too Little," The National Post (Canada), Saturday, February 20, 1999, Page B7, Column 1.

"Adult Supervision Needed on Stage," The Washington Times, Tuesday, February 23, 1999, Page A14, Column 4.

"'Perm Five' Solidarity," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 4, February 16-28, 1999, Page 27, Column 1.

Book Review of Oil, God, and Gold:  The Story of Aramco and the Saudi Kings, by Anthony Cave Brown, The Washington Times, Wednesday, March 3, 1999, Page A19, Column 1.

"Clinton's Bluster," 4 The Weekly Standard, Number 24, March 8, 1999, Page 14, Column 1.

"Rumbles from the Middle East," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 6, March 16-31, 1999, Page 30, Column 1.

"Indonesia:  Asia's Yugoslavia?" Far Eastern Economic Review, Volume 162, Number 13, April 1, 1999, Page 31, Column 1.

"Clinton Meets 'International Law' in Kosovo," The Wall Street Journal, Monday, April 5, 1999, Page A23, Column 3.

"Taiwan Deserves Accession to WTO," The Los Angeles Times, Monday, April 5, 1999, Page A15, Column 1.

"The Pan Am 103 Trial:  Trimming Justice to Qaddafi's Liking," XXI Legal Times, Number 46, April 12, 1999, Page 19, Column 1.

"NATO and the UN," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 8, April 16-30, 1999, Page 33, Column 1.

"Kosovo:  Clinton's Mistakes and What To Do Now," 55 Human Events, Number 17, May 7, 1999, Page 16, Column 1.

Book Review of Betrayal:  How the Clinton Administration Undermined American Security, by Bill Gertz, The Washington Times, Wednesday, May 12, 1999, Page A19, Column 1.

"Clinton Errs in Waging 'Human Rights' War," The Australian Financial Review, Friday, May 14, 1999, Page 39, Column 1.

"Clinton's Intelligence Failures," The Washington Times, Sunday, May 16, 1999, Page B3, Column 1.

Book Review of The Lexus and the Olive Tree:  Understanding Globalization, by Thomas Friedman, The Washington Times, Sunday, May 16, 1999, Page B7, Column 1.

"Learning the Lessons of War," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 10, May 16-31, 1999, Page 27, Column 1.

"No Smooth Way Out," The National Post (Canada), Saturday, June 12, 1999, Page B7, Column 3.

"U.N. Officials Step Out of Normally Circumscribed Arenas," The Changing United Nations, May-June, 1999, Volume 1, Number 4, Page 2, Column 1.

"The Innocents Fighting a War," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 12, July 1-15, 1999, Page 26, Column 1.

"Taiwan Confronts Its Chinese Dragon," The Australian Financial Review, Monday, July 19, 1999, Page 19, Column 1.

"A Declaration of Independence for Taiwan," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Monday, July 19, 1999, Page 9, Column 1 [also appeared in Liberty Times (Taiwan, in Chinese), Wednesday, July 21, 1999, Page 15, Column 2].

"Israel's Isolation:  UN Rhetoric or Politics?," The Earth Times, Year Eight, Number 13, July 16-31, 1999, Page 28, Column 1.

"Taiwan's Declaration of Independence," The National Post (Canada), Tuesday, July 20, 1999, Page A18, Column 3.

"The Next President and NATO," The Washington Times, Wednesday, July 21, 1999, Page A17, Column 4.

"American Interests in the Taiwan Straits," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Sunday, July 25, 1999, Page 7, Column 1 [also appeared in Liberty Times (Taiwan, in Chinese), Tuesday, July 27, 1999, Page 4, Column 1].

"Lee Teng-Hui:  The One Who Leads," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Thursday, July 29, 1999, Page D1, Column 1.

"Injustice at Geneva," Forward, Number 31,247, Friday, July 30, 1999, Page 9, Column 4.

"Time for a Two-China Policy," 4 The Weekly Standard, Number 44, August 9, 1999, Page 20, Column 1.

"An Island Unto Itself, and Glad of It," The National Post (Canada), Monday, August 9, 1999, Page A14, Column 1.

"False Promises of 'Political Autonomy,'" The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 15, August 16-31, 1999, Page 30, Column 1.

"The Role of Asia in US Politics," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Monday, August 23, 1999, Page 8, Column 2.

"The Next US President and NATO," The European Journal, Midsummer, 1999, Page 9.

"Don't Look for the US To Rejoin UNESCO," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 16, September 1-15, 1999, Page 22, Column 1.

"Against International Presence in Timor," The Australian Financial Review, Thursday, September 9, 1999, Page 19, Column 1.

"Pan Am 103 Policy Rift?," The Washington Times, Friday, September 10,1999, Page A19, Column 1.

"Don't Send in the Blue Helmets," The National Post (Canada), Friday, September 10, 1999, Page A14, Column 5.

"Why US Takes a Different View of Global Agencies," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 17, September 16-30, Page 29, Column 1.

"U.S. Taking Limp-Wristed Approach to N. Korea," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, September 22, 1999, Page 8, Column 1.

"U. S. Must Stand Up to North Korea," The Los Angeles Times, Wednesday, September 22, 1999, Page A15, Column 1.

"Should U. S. Troops Die in East Timor?," 55 Human Events, Number 35, September 24, 1999, Page 28, Column 1.

"Leading by Example," The Times Literary Supplement (London), September 24, 1999, Page 8, Column 1.

"The U. S. Needs To Rethink Its Role," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Sunday, October 3, 1999, Page 6, Column 2.

"Kofi Annan's U. N. Power Grab," 5 The Weekly Standard, Number 3, October 4, 1999, Page 13, Column 2.

"Carlos Menem's Legacy for Argentina," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 19. October 16-31, 1999, Page 26, Column 1.

"CTBT:  Clear Thinking," The Jerusalem Post (Israel), Monday, October 18, 1999, Page 8, Column 3.

"Test Ban Defeat Marks New Realism," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, October 20, 1999, Page 8, Column 2.

"No More Appeasing North Korea," The National Post (Canada), Friday, October 29, 1999, Page A14, Column 1.

"When the US Congress Stands Up for Taiwan, the White House Listens," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, November 3, 1999, Page 9, Column 5.

"Standing Up for Taiwan," The Washington Times, Thursday, November 4, 1999, Page A18, Column 1.

"George W. Bush Is Trying Hard To Emerge from His Father's Shadow," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Friday, November 26, 1999, Page F1, Column 1.

"Pressing Need To Re-think Global Security Needs," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 21, November 16-30, 1999, Page 25, Column 1.

"Bush Hits Foreign Policy Home Run," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, December 1, 1999, Page 9, Column 1.

"Lessons from Annan," The Earth Times, Year 8, Number 22, December 1-31,1999, Page 25, Column 1.

"Risking NATO's Future?" The Washington Times, Wednesday, December 15, 1999, Page A17, Column 1.

"Who Really Won the Gulf War?" 5 The Weekly Standard, Number 15, December 27, 1999, Page 13, Column 2.

"Japan Will Not Ride the Hegemony Train in 2000," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Friday, December 31, 1999, Page C11, Column 2.

"Is Japan Now a 'Normal' Country?" The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Sunday, January 2, 2000, Page 6, Column 2.

Untitled item on the International Criminal Court in "The Week", LII The National Review, Number 1, January 24, 2000, Page 11, Column 2.

"Flaws Undermine Concept [of an International Criminal Court]," USA Today, Tuesday, January 18, 2000, Page 14A, Column 1.

"Smuggling Scuds to Libya," The Washington Times, Wednesday, January 15, 2000, Page A15, Column 1.

"The United States and 'Global Governance,'" in Conservative Political Action Conference 2000 Resources Guide, January 20-22, 2000, p.10.

"Congress Stands Up for Taiwan," The National Post (Canada), Wednesday, February 2, 2000, Page A18, Column 1.

"Indonesia Must Be Its Own Judge and Jury," The Australian Financial Review, Thursday, February 3, 2000, Page 19, Column 1.

"Duel Recognition Acknowledges Reality," Taipei Times, Thursday, February 3, 2000.

 "Q:  Should the U.S. Grant Diplomatic Recognition to Taiwan?  Yes," Insight, Volume 16, Number 5, February 7, 2000, Page 40, Column 1.

"The European Threat to NATO's Future," Financial Times, Friday, February 11, 2000, Page 11, Column 1.

"The United States Should Recognize Taiwan's Independence," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Monday, February 14, 2000, Page BB6, Column 1.

"The Perils of International Criminal Justice," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 2, February 15, 2000, Page 30, Column 1.

"'One China' Outdated and Defeated," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Wednesday, February 17, 2000, Page F1, Column 1.

"Congressional Republicans Stand Up for Taiwan," 56 Human Events, Number 6, February 18, 2000, Page 4, Column 1.

Book review of Nevada's Paul Laxalt:  A Memoir, by Paul Laxalt, The Washington Times, Tuesday, February 29, 2000, Page A19, Column 1.

"UN-resolved Questions," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 3, March 1, 2000, Page 25, Column 1.

"Beijing's Threats a Real Blunder," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Sunday, March 5, 2000, Page 8, Column 2.

"Beijing's Threats Wreak Havoc Within Washington's Policy Circles," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Thursday, March 9, 2000, Page F1, Column 1.

"Beijing's Threats Land on the Hill," The Washington Times, Wednesday, March 15, 2000, Page A15, Column 1.

"Taiwan Should Be Given Membership in the UN System," 56 Human Events, Number 10, March 17, 2000, Page 9, Column 1.

"Taiwan's Historic Turning Point," The National Post (Canada), Monday, March 20, 2000, Page A14, Column 1.

"Ignore Experts' Sentencing of Australia," The Australian Financial Review, Tuesday, March 28, 2000, Page 21, Column 1.

"Taiwan:  Beijing's 'One China' Dead," 56 Human Events, Number 12, March 31, 2000, Page 1, Column 2.

"Democracy Makes All the Difference," 5 The Weekly Standard, Number 28, April 3, 2000, Page 16, Column 1.

Untitled item on Taiwan's presidential election in "The Week," LII The National Review, Number 7, April 17, 2000, Page 10, Column 2.

"Dealing With Japan as a 'Normal' Nation," The Los Angeles Times, Wednesday, April 5, 2000, Page A15, Column 1.

"The Pinochet Affair," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 5, April 17, 2000, Page 25, Column 1.

"Provide Comfort . . . or a Trial?,"  The Washington Times, Wednesday, May 3, 2000, Page A12, Column 1.

"Making a Bad Situation Worse," The National Post (Canada), Monday, May 8, 2000, Page A18, Column 5.

"Tribunals in Trouble," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 6, May 10, 2000, Page 25, Column 1.

"Ideological Attack on Helms Misses Mark," The Charlotte Observer, Friday, May 12, 2000, Page 16A, Column 1.

"Is It Time To Start Thinking of Japan as a 'Normal' Country?," The National Post (Canada), Monday, May 22, 2000, Page A16, Column 1.

"A Way Out of the Maze?," The Washington Times, Tuesday, May 23, 2000, Page A18, Column 1.

"Chen Breaks Out of Rhetorical Cage," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, May 24, 2000, Page 8. Column 1.

"A-bian Isn't Playing Beijing's Game," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Friday, May 26, 2000, p. F8, Column 1.

"Crisis in Sierra Leone Underscores Limits of UN Peacekeeping Missions," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 7, June 5, 2000, Page 33, Column 1.

"Sovereign Accountability," The Washington Post, Wednesday, June 7, 2000, Page A31, Column 5 [also appeared as "War Crimes Trials Present Problems and Challenges," in International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, June 13, 2000, Page 9, Column 1].

"The End of NATO?," 56 The World Today (United Kingdom) Number 6, June, 2000, Page 12, Column 1.

"Arms Inspection and the Man," 5 The Weekly Standard, Number 39, June 26, 2000, Page 35, Column 2.

"Human Rights Groups May Pose Most Significant Threat to US Military," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 12, June 25, 2000, Page 25, Column 1.

"Japan Stirs Bitter Memories in Its Quest for Identity," The Australian Financial Review, Tuesday, June 27, 2000, Page 49, Column 1.

"Are Economic Sanctions Dead as a U.S. Foreign Policy Tool?," UPI Analysis, June 29, 2000, 8:10:17 PM EST.

"Indonesia:  What the U.S. Must Do," Far Eastern Economic Review, Volume 163, Number 29, July 20, 2000, Page 33, Column 1.

"Trade and Politics Don't Mix," The National Post (Canada), Tuesday, August 1, 2000, Page A16, Column 1.

"Beijing Is Playing Tricks To Prevent Taiwan from Entering the WTO," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Thursday, August 3, 2000, Page F1, Column 2.

Book Review of The English:  A Portrait of a People, by Jeremy Paxman, The Washington Times, Sunday, August 6, 2000, Page B8, Column 1.

"China Trying To Politicize the WTO," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Monday, August 7, 2000, Page 8, Column 1.

"Beijing's WTO Double-cross," 5 The Weekly Standard, Number 45, August 14, 2000, Page 19, Column 2.

Book Review of Crimes Against Humanity:  The Struggle for Global Justice, by Geoffrey Robertson, The Washington Times, Tuesday, August 22, 2000, Page A15, Column 1.

". . .but Peacekeepers Must Be Kept in Check," The Los Angeles Times, Friday, August 25, 2000, Page A. 19, Column 4.

"Can 'War Crimes' Charge Be Leveled 18 Years After Sinking of Warship?," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 18, August 2000, Page 25, Column 1.

"Downer Is Right To tell the UN To Get Lost," The Australian Financial Review, Thursday, August 31, 2000, Page 37, Column 1.

"Appeasing Gadhafi," The Washington Post, Tuesday, August 29, 2000, Page A17, Column 2 [also appeared as "It's Clear Gadhafi Was Appeased," International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, August 30, 2000, Page 7, Column 1; and "Appeasement," Dallas Morning News, Sunday, September 10, 2000, Page 5J, Column 1].

"Another View on Multilateral Intervention," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 20, September 4, 2000, Page 29, Column 1.

"How To Understand U.S. Foreign Policy Debate," The Earth Times, Millennium Summit Daily Edition, Wednesday, September 6, 2000, Page 6, Column 1.

"Religion and the United Nations," The Earth Times, Millennium Summit Daily Edition, Wednesday, September 6, 2000, Page 15, Column 1.

"Legislators on Vacation," The Earth Times, Millennium Summit Daily Edition, Thursday, September 7, 2000, Page 19, Column 1.

"Onward, UN Soldiers," The Earth Times, Millennium Summit Daily Edition, Friday, September 8, 2000, Page 19, Column 1.

"Undebated Questions About UN," The Earth Times, Millennium Summit Daily Edition, Monday, September 11, 2000, Page 19, Column 1.

"Kofi Annan's Quiet Coup d'Etat," The National Post (Canada), Monday, September 11, 2000, Page A16, Column 1.

"Do Not Be Seduced by the Chinese," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Thursday, September 14, 2000, Page 8, Column 2.

"Expanding the Security Council," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 21, October 16, 2000, Page 29, Column 1.

"Hitting US Where It Hurts," The Australian Financial Review, Monday, October 16, 2000, Page 30, Column 2.

"The Threat Behind the Middle East Violence," The National Post (Canada), Wednesday, October 25, 2000, Page A18, Column 3.

"Middle East Crisis Threatens the West's Lifeline," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Friday, October 27, 2000, Page F8, Column 1.

"The U.N. Also Rises," 6 The Weekly Standard, Number 7, October 30, 2000, Page 12, Column 2.

"Problems with Peacekeeping," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 22, October 30, 2000, Page 29, Column 1.

"Middle East Overshadows US Poll," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Saturday, November 4, 2000, Page 9, Column 1.

"Next Challenge:  A Smooth Transition," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 24, November 27, 2000, Page 9, Column 1.

"Blowing Smoke," The Earth Times, Year 9, Number 24, November 27, 2000, Page 29, Column 1.

Book Review of Intimate Relations:  Can Britain Play a Leading Role in European Defence --  and Keep Its Special Links to US Intelligence, by Charles Grant, The European Journal, Volume 8, Number 2, November-December, 2000, Page 23.

"Missile Defence Forces NATO To Define Itself," The National Post (Canada), Tuesday, January 2, 2001, Page A14, Column 3.

"New President's First Priority To Prevent Slide Into Recession," The Taipei Times (Taiwan), Wednesday, January 3, 2001, Page 9, Column 1.

"The Importance of Avoiding Economic Decline," The Apple Daily (Hong Kong, in Chinese), Thursday, January 4, 2001, Page F1, Column 1.

"Unsign That Treaty," The Washington Post, Thursday, January 4, 2001, Page A21, Column 6.

"America and Asia After January 20," Far Eastern Economic Review, Volume 164, Number 1, January 11, 2001, Page 28, Column 1.

"Jesse Helms, Not in Davos Again," Forum News Daily (Davos, Switzerland), January 24, 2001, Page 31, Column 1.

"National Missile Defense to the Fore," Forum News Daily (Davos, Switzerland), January 25, 2001, Page 23, Column 1.

"American Election's Consequences for Foreign Policy," Forum News Daily (Davos, Switzerland), January 26, 2001, Page 29, Column 1.

"Kostunica Stands Up," Forum News Daily (Davos, Switzerland), January 27, 2001, Page 29, Column 1.

"Palm Beach Counts," The American Enterprise, Volume 12, Number 2, March 2001, Page 43.

Book Review of Unspeakable Truths:  Confronting State Terror and Atrocity, by Priscilla B. Hayner, in The Washington Times, Tuesday, March 6, 2001, Page A19, Column 1.

"American Interests in the Middle East," in Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, National Resources and National Security:  Sources of Conflict and the U. S. Interest, 2001.

"Missile Defence in a New Strategic Environment:  The View from Washington," RUSI Journal, Volume 147, Number 6, December, 2002, Page 71.

"Why North Korea Is Different," Far Eastern Economic Review, Volume 166, Number 10, March 13, 2003, Page 23, Column 1.

"American Justice and the ICC," The Washington Post, Saturday, December 13, 2003, Page A24, Column 2.

"An All-Out War on Proliferation," Financial Times, Tuesday, September 7, 2004. Page 15, Column 1.

"Don't Ban Your Instincts, Ban Ki-moon," The Washington Post, Sunday, January 14, 2007, Page B1, Column 1.

"North Korea Climbdown," The Wall Street Journal, Monday, March 5, 2007, Page A17, Column 1.

"How Iran Probed, Found Weakness and Won a Triumph," Financial Times, Monday, April 9, 2007, Page 11, Column 1.

"Pyongyang's Perfidy," The Wall Street Journal, Friday, May 18, 2007, Page A17, Column 1

"Pyongyang Pussyfooting," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, July 3, 2007, Page A17, Column 1.

"Britain Cannot Have Two Best Friends," Financial Times, Wednesday, August 1, 2007, Page 11, Column 6.

"Pyongyang's Upper Hand," The Wall Street Journal, Friday, August 31, 2007, Page A9, Column 1.

"Syria Joins the Axis of Evil," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, September 25, 2007, Page A19, Column 1

"Bush's North Korea Meltdown," The Wall Street Journal, Wednesday, October 31, 2007, Page A21, Column 1

Contribution to The Symposium: "What Kind of War Are We Fighting, and Can We Win It?," Commentary, November 2007, Page 21.

"Dithering Diplomats," New York Post, Tuesday, November 6, 2007, Page 31, Column 1

"The Flaws In the Iran Report," The Washington Post, Thursday, December 6, 2007, Page A29, Column 5

"How To Lead the World," Newsweek, Special Edition, December 2007-February 2008, Page 33, Column 1.

"North Korea's True Colors," The Wall Street Journal, Friday, January 11, 2008, Page A11, Column 1.

"Abandon Mideast Peace Push," New York Daily News, Monday, January 21, 2008, Page 21, Column 1.

"Warning Light on Kosovo," The Washington Times, Thursday, January 31, 2008, Page A14, Column 1

"Our Politicized Intelligence Services," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, February 5, 2008, Page A17, Column 1.

"The United Nations and Kosovo's Independence," San Diego Union Tribune, Sunday, March 2, 2008, Page G6, Column 1.

"Salvaging Our North Korea Policy," The Wall Street Journal, Monday, March17, 2008, Page A17, Column 1.

"II presidente de Taiwan d l’uomo giusto," Liberal, Wednesday, March 26, 2008, Page 10, Column 1.

"What’s Good for Taiwan," The Los Angeles Times, Saturday, March 29, 2008, Page A21, Column 2.

"Global Governance and Shared Sovereignty," AEI – On the Issues, April 2008

"Bush’s North Korea Capitulation," The Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, April 15, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"Libano: cambiara le regole d’ingaggio," Liberal, Saturday, April 26, 2008, Page 5, Column 1.

"Europe’s New Pro-American Direction," Townhall.com, Tuesday, May 6, 2008.

"Bush’s North Korea Nuclear Abdication," Wall Street Journal, Thursday, May 8, 2008, Page 15, Column 1.

"Bring On the Foreign Policy Debate," Wall Street Journal, Monday, May 19, 2008, Page A15, Column 1.

"Anche Obama rischia de caderci," Liberal, Tuesday, May 27, 2008, Page 3, Column 2.

"Obama the Naïve," Los Angeles Times, Thursday, June 5, 2008, Page A29, Column 1.

"The Hidden Security Risk," The Washington Times, Tuesday, June 17, 2008, Page A25, Column 1.

"Cara Europa, se hae paura dei tuoi popoli non hai future," Liberal, Wednesday, June 25, 2008, Page 1, Column 5

"The Tragic End of Bush’s North Korea Policy," Wall Street Journal, Monday, June 30, 2008, Page A13, Column 1.

"North Korea nuclear deal with US ‘like police truce with Mafia,’" The Daily Telegraph (on-line), Monday, June 30, 2008.

"Israel, Iran and the Bomb," Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, July 15, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"Usa, il decline che non c’e," Liberal, Wednesday, July 23, 2008, Page 20.

"One world? He’s on a different planet," Los Angeles Times, Saturday, July 26, 2008, Page A21, Column 1.

"Le Parole vuote di Barak Obama a Berlino," Liberal, Saturday, July 26, 2008, Page 1, Column 2.

"Guest Speaker" feature, Standpoint, August 2008, Page 20.

"While Diplomats Dither, Iran Builds Nukes," Wall Street Journal, Tuesday, August 5, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"Time to tame the Russian bear," The Daily Telegraph, Saturday, August 16, 2008, Page 21, Column 1.)

"Perche Joe Biden portrebbe danneggiare Obama," Liberal, Wednesday, August 27, 2008, Page 1, Column 5.

"Bush Owes His Successor a Tough Finish on Foreign Policy," Wall Street Journal, Saturday, September 6, 2008, Page A11, Column 1.

"Ahmadinejad sfida l’Onu e il mondo. Obama e McCain devono fermarlo," Liberal, Thursday, September 25, 2008, Page 1, Column 5.

"A Wakeup call on Iran’s nukes," New York Daily News, Thursday, September 25, 2008, Page 31, Column 1.

"The World Shouldn’t Fear the Collapse of North Korea," Wall Street Journal, Thursday, October 2, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"Bush’s North Korea Surrender Will Have Lasting Consequences," Wall Street Journal, Monday, October 16, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"Russia Unromanticized," Washington Post, Monday, October 20, 2008, Page A15, Column 1.

"Tre mosse per fermare Putin. Prima che sia troppo tardi," Liberal, Saturday, October 25, 2008, Page 1, Column 5.

"The case against humanitarian intervention," Globe and Mail, Monday, November 3, 2008.

"Memo to new president: the fun starts now," Daily Telegraph, Wednesday, November 5, 2008, Page 4, Column 6.

"Obama and Missile Defense," Wall Street Journal, Thursday, November 13, 2008, Page A19, Column 1.

"A Honey Pot For Saddam," Wall Street Journal, Friday, November 14, 2008, Page A15, Column 5.

"Perche Israele pianifica l’attacco all’Iran," Liberal, Thursday, November 27, 2008, Page 1, Column 1.

"Obama Promises Bush III on Iran," Wall Street Journal, Friday, January 2, 2009, Page A15, Column 3.

  • Reprinted as "Proliferation Panderers," Wall Street Journal Asia, Monday, January 5, 2009, Page A15, Column 1.

"The Three-State Option," Washington Post, Monday, January 5, 2009, Page A11, Column 2.

  • Reprinted as "Its Time for a ‘Three-State’ Solution," New York Post, January 6, 2009, Page 23, Column 1.

"Restore the Senate’s Treaty Power," New York Times, January 5, 2009, Page A19, Column 2.

  • Reprinted as "Restore the Senate’s Treaty Power", International Herald Tribune, January 6, 2009, Page 6, Column 3.

"Dealing with Somalia and its piracy," San Diego Union Tribune, January 11, 2009, Page F4 , Column 1.

  • Reprinted as "La pirateria? E terrorismo," (Piracy? It is Terrorism) Liberal, January 2, 2009 under Page 16, Column 1.

"The U.S. Votes ‘Present’ at the U.N.," Wall Street Journal, January 12, 2009, Page A11, Column 1.

"A circular negotiations game?," Washington Times, Tuesday, January 27, 2009, Page A14, Column 1.

  • Reprinted as "Obama comincia la Guerra tattica con Teheran," (Obama begins a tactical war with Iran) Liberal, January 23, 2009, Page 12, Column 1.

"Now Is No Time to Downplay North Korea," Wall Street Journal, Saturday, January 31, 2009, Page A11, Column 3.

"Iraq’s Victory, Iran’s Loss," New York Times, Tuesday, February 3, 2009, Page A23, Column 2.

  • Reprinted as "Iraq’s victory, Iran’s loss," International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, February 4, 2009, Page 6, Column 3.

"Smart power? Wise up, Hillary," Los Angeles Times, Wednesday, February 18, 2009, Page A17, Column 1.


Seminars

Frequent speaker at major institutes, conferences and other events including:

Speeches

Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore), February 27, 2008

Yale's School of Management (New Haven, Connecticut), February 22, 2008

The Federalist Society – Yale Law School Chapter (New Haven, Connecticut), February 14, 2008

Conservative Political Action Committee (Washington), February 8, 2008

Federalist Society NY Chapters (New York), February 7, 2008

George Washington University Security First FP Roundtable (Washington), February 6, 2008

Harvard Business School Alumni Club (Washington), January 31, 2008

Young Jewish Leadership PAC (New York), January 29, 2008

Zionist Organization of America – Jewish Federation Community Event (Philadelphia), January 28, 2008

Columbia University College Republicans (New York), December 7, 2007

American Founding, Amherst College (Amherst, Massachusetts), December 3, 2007

Freedom Alliance Foundation (Washington), November 23, 2007

Hudson Institute Event (New York), November 18, 2007

American's For Tax Reform: Newsmaker Breakfast, November 13, 2007

US-Asia Economic Foundation (Los Angeles), October 29, 2007

Conservative Opportunity Society (Washington), October 17, 2007

House Republican Policy Committee, October 16, 2007

New Hampshire Republican Party, October 12, 2007

Council for National Policy (Salt Lake City, Utah), September 27, 2007

TECRO/OPC (Overseas Press Club) Event (New York), September 14, 2007

Margaret Thatcher Freedom Center (Heritage Foundation), September 6, 2007

August 21 – Naval Sea Systems (Leadership in America), August 21, 2007

California Commonwealth Club (San Francisco), July 1, 2007

Temple Israel of Great Neck (New York), June 2, 2007

Conservative Political Action Conference (Washington) - Presented "The American," May 4, 2007

Federalist Society (Washington), April 26, 2007

House Republican Theme Team (Washington), April 26, 2007

Fund for American Studies (Washington), April 20, 2007

Bradley Foundation Awards - recipient of Bradley Foundation Award (Washington), May 3, 2007

Republican National Lawyers Association, March 30, 2007

National Republican Senatorial Committee (Washington), March 21, 2007

Women's National Republican Club (New York), March 16, 2007

Syracuse University, Maxwell School (Syracuse, New York)

American Enterprise Institute Event (Washington) - Presented "American Justice and the International Criminal Court," November 3, 2003

Congressional Testimony

House International Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "United States Policy on United Nations Peacekeeping," October 11, 2000

House Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights (Washington) - Testimony regarding "The Millennium Summit and Current United States Policy on United Nations Peacekeeping," September 20, 2000

Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "Taiwan, the PRC and the World Trade Organization," September 6, 2000

House International Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "United States Policy on United Nations Peacekeeping," January 21, 2000

House International Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "European Common Foreign, Security and Defense Policies," November 10, 1999

House International Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "Israel's Treatment at the United Nations," July 14, 1999

House International Relations Committee (Washington) - Testimony regarding "Assessing the Administration's Foreign Policy," October 8, 1998

State of Wisconsin Elections Board (Washington) "Proposals to Regulate Political Issue Advocacy," March 18, 1998


Prior Experience

United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations, United States Mission to the United Nations, 2005-2006

Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Department of State, 2001-2005

Senior Vice President, American Enterprise Institute, 1999-2001

Of Counsel, Kutak Rock, LLP, 1999-2001

Partner, Lerner, Reed, Bolton & McManus, 1993-1999

President, National Policy Forum, 1995-1996

Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute, 1993

Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs, Department of State, 1989-1993

Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, 1985-1989

Partner, Covington & Burling, 1983-1985

Assistant Administrator for Program and Policy Coordination, U.S. Agency for International Development, 1982-1983

General Counsel, U.S. Agency for International Development, 1981-1982

Associate, Covington & Burling, 1974-1981

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