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A New Frontier in EPA’s Mobile Source Enforcement Program: Air Emissions from Large Ships and Ocean-Going Vessels

EPA is signaling an emerging area for its enforcement program — air pollution from large ships and ocean vessels, commonly referred to as “ocean-going vessels.” Statements by Agency personnel indicate that EPA is poised to enforce SO2 and NOx requirements implemented through the Clean Air Act and Annex VI to “MARPOL,” the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships.